KETERBUKAAN DIRI (SELF DISCLOSURE) SISWA DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDAYA DAN IMPLIKASINYA BAGI KONSELING
Keywords:Self Disclosure, Cultural Perspective, Implication for Counselling
Self disclosure is disclosing one’s self in giving information to others. According to Lumsden (1996), self disclosure can help someone in communicating with others and increase self-confidence and intimate relations. One important factor in one’s self disclosure with others is cultural in nature. There are both open culture and closed culture. In Indonesia, for instance, Javanese culture is opened and Western culture is closed. The two types of culture are influenced by value or life view, norm, custom, that, in turn, will influence one’s way of thought and behavior. Cultural effect also affects student’s self disclosure at school. A student often undertakes difficulty in his or her self disclosure with others. The things that can be done by counsellors in helping their student in order to be disclosed with others are (1) giving understanding that every culture has its own ethics in disclosing self to others so that the student knows the way of disclosing himself or herself to others, (2) involving the student in various activities in order that he or she does not feel shy in socializing with others, and (3) giving training that can make the student more self-confident.