DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/jmk.9.1.pp.%201-17

Corporate Governance of Sugar Mills in East Java: A Transaction Cost Economics Perspective

Ahmad Erani Yustika

Abstract


Despite Indonesias overall achievements during the past two decades%2C the economy is encountering a series of problems. One of the biggest challenges is the unsatisfactory performance of the state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Subsidisies and uncovered loans to the SOEs have drained the governments fiscal resources%2C and the signing off of employees creates many social problems. Compared with the SOEs in other sectors%2C state-owned sugar mills face more serious crises which not only jeopardise the social fabric%2C but also endanger the production. Research results strengthen the statement that the basic problem in sugar mills is management inefficiency resulting in high transaction costs. This research compares the transaction costs between state-owned (Ngadiredjo) and privately-owned (Kebon Agung) sugar mills. The study shows that in Kebon Agung Sugar Mill transaction costs are higher than production costs%2C while in Ngadiredjo Sugar Mill the reverse is true. However%2C the high transaction costs in Kebon Agung Sugar Mill cannot be attributed directly to inefficient institutions%2C because Ngadiredjo Sugar Mill incurred high costs for plants%2C land preparation%2C and fertilizer%2C which decreased the proportion of transaction costs. If analyzed in detail%2C the following facts are revealed: (i) market transaction costs in Kebon Agung Sugar Mill are higher than in Ngadiredjo Sugar Mill. This is because Kebon Agung Sugar Mill has established cooperation with sugarcane farmers in the form of extensions and transport subsidies; and (ii) the political transaction costs proportion in Ngadiredjo Sugar Mill is higher than in Kebon Agung Sugar Mill because of the imposition of many illegal fees.
Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia :

transaction cost economics%2C corporate governance%2C sugar mill%2C East Java.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/jmk.9.1.pp.%201-17



The Journal is published by Faculty of Economics, Department of Management - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, ISSN: 1411-1438, e-ISSN: 2338-8234

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