KETERBUKAAN DIRI (SELF DISCLOSURE) SISWA DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDAYA DAN IMPLIKASINYA BAGI KONSELING

Maryam B. Gainau


Abstract


Self disclosure is disclosing one’s self in giving information to others. According to Lumsden (1996), self disclosure can help someone in communicating with others and increase self-confidence and intimate relations. One important factor in one’s self disclosure with others is cultural in nature. There are both open culture and closed culture. In  Indonesia,  for instance,  Javanese culture is opened and Western culture is closed. The two types of  culture are  influenced by value or life view, norm, custom,  that, in turn, will influence one’s way of thought and behavior. Cultural effect also affects student’s self disclosure at  school. A student often undertakes difficulty in his or her self disclosure with others. The things that can be done by counsellors in helping their student in order to be disclosed with others are (1) giving understanding that every culture has its own ethics in disclosing self to others so that the student knows the way of disclosing himself or herself to others,  (2) involving  the student  in various activities in order that he or she does not feel  shy in socializing with others, and (3) giving training that can make the student more self-confident.


Keywords


Self Disclosure, Cultural Perspective, Implication for Counselling

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