Pengaruh Ketidakseimbangan Beban Terhadap Arus Netral dan Losses pada Trafo Distribusi

Julius Sentosa Setiadji, Tabrani Machmudsyah, Yanuar Isnanto




Abstract


The unbalanced load in electric power distribution system always happen and it is caused by single phase loads on low voltage system. The effect of the unbalanced load is appear as a neutral current. These neutral current cause losses, those are losses caused by neutral current in neutral conductor on distribution transformers and losses caused by neutral current flows to ground. In conclusion, when high unbalanced load happened (28,67%), then the neutral current that appear is also high (118,6 A), ultimately the losses that caused by the neutral current flows to ground will be high too (8,62%).


Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia :

Ketidakseimbangan beban pada suatu sistem distribusi tenaga listrik selalu terjadi dan penyebab ketidakseimbangan tersebut adalah pada beban-beban satu fasa pada pelanggan jaringan tegangan rendah. Akibat ketidakseimbangan beban tersebut muncullah arus di netral trafo. Arus yang mengalir di netral trafo ini menyebabkan terjadinya losses (rugi-rugi), yaitu losses akibat adanya arus netral pada penghantar netral trafo dan losses akibat arus netral yang mengalir ke tanah. Setelah dianalisa, diperoleh bahwa bila terjadi ketidakseimbangan beban yang besar (28,67%), maka arus netral yang muncul juga besar (118,6A), dan losses akibat arus netral yang mengalir ke tanah semakin besar pula (8.62%).

Kata kunci: ketidakseimbangan beban, arus netral, losses.


Keywords


unbalanced load, neutral current, losses.

Full Text: PDF

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