Ultra Strengthening of Wooden Girders

Darwish A.M.




Abstract


Owing to the natural defects of wood, structural timber is currently used with conservative safety factors. This study investigates the use of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) for improving the strength of structural timber. Four flexural test stages were carried out, the modes of failure of the three specimens in each stage were studied to determine and strengthen the suspected weak zone which caused the failure. It was found that the tensioned fibers of ordinary timber girders normally fail first especially at the sections containing knots. Using a strip of CFRP to strengthen tensioned fibers is a well known technology, but it will not prevent a premature failure due to horizontal shear. A strength increase of 56% was reached by the adaption of shear connectors in the form of screws. After treating tensile and shearing strengths, still testing specimens showed failure at the compressed fibers. By enhancing the compressed fibers with a steel strip, the prototype girders showed a remarkable increase in flexural strength of about 175% compared with the ordinary wooden girders having the same dimensions.


Keywords


CFRP, shear connectors, timber girders, ultra- strengthening.

References


  1. BS 4978 (1973). Timber Grades for Structural Use, 1973.
  2. Jackson, N. and Dhir, R., Civil Engineering Materials, 4th Edition, Macmillan Education Ltd, Hampshire, UK, 1988.
  3. Plevris, N. and Triantafillou, T.C., FRP Reinforced Wood as Structural Material, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, 4(3), 1992, pp. 300-315.[CrossRef]
  4. Schober, K.U. and Rautenstrauch, K., Experimen¬tal Investigation on Flexural Strengthening of Timber Structures with CFRP, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Bond Behavior of FRP in Structures, Weimar, Germany, 2005, pp. 457-463.
  5. Ehsani, M., Larsen, S.E., and Palmer, N., Strengthening of Old Wood with New Technology, Structure Magazine, 2004, pp. 19-21.


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