KOTA KOLONIAL LAMA SEMARANG (Tinjauan Umum Sejarah Perkembangan Arsitektur Kota)

L.M.F. Purwanto




Abstract


The Semarang Old city is an interesting object. It is not just as a tourism object, but also never ending research object. After being studied from many sides such as historical side, urban planning as well as tourism, now it is started to make a further study in the area of conservation and its physical condition. The research of city development is really needed to support the secondary research in order to observe the changing of climate condition. However, the study from archaeology side of this object in order to analyze the historical traces that were not been done a lot. One part of this dissertation is analyze of the history of the object with using the historical approach and reviewing the literatures, which still open the opportunity for discussion about the losing archaeological evidence. The evidence of the old fortress in Semarang old city now can only be found in the old map, therefore the archaeological research is to strengthen existence of this old fortress should be done.


Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia :

Kota lama Semarang, sebuah obyek yang menarik. Tidak hanya sekedar obyek wisata, namun juga sebagai obyek penelitian yang tak ada habisnya. Setelah banyak dikupas dari sisi sejarah, tata kota dan pariwisata, mulai berkembang penelitian mengenai konservasi dan kondisi fisik bangunannya. Penelitian perkembangan kota juga diperlukan untuk penelitian sekunder dalam pengamatan perubahan kondisi klimatologi. Karena semakin padat penduduk dan sarana transportasinya, akan berpengaruh terhadap perubahan klimatologi. Namun sisi arkeologi yang mencoba mengupas jejak-jejak peninggalan sejarah di kota lama ini belum banyak dilakukan. Satu bagian dari disertasi ini, mengupas sejarah dengan pendekatan historikal dan studi pustaka, yang masih membuka peluang diskusi tentang pembuktian arkeologis jejak-jejak kota lama yang telah hilang. Bukti adanya benteng di kota lama Semarang, hanya dapat dijumpai dalam peta, namun penelitian arkeologis untuk memperkuat keberadaan benteng tersebut dirasa perlu dilakukan.

Kata kunci: Kota lama, bangunan kolonial, obyek penelitian.


Keywords


Old city, Dutch colonial building, research object.

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The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.




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